Development and digitization have touched nearly every corner of the globe, and that means even in remote locations within our country, electricity remains a lifeline and information on line conditions and efficiency are critical. I would wishLCYL2495.JPG for KPLC to see how Schneider Electric has helped reduce time-consuming field visits for power meter reading and calibration with upgraded meters capable of remotely monitoring ongoing power quality conditions, leading to reduced maintenance costs and improved reliability.

Stricter energy efficiency and sustainability regulations can be met by IoT innovations that are converging to create intelligent buildings that minimize energy use while optimizing the performance and lifespan of physical assets. Smart device connectivity as demonstrated by able entities like GE, Safaricom, Huawei, and IBM east Africa, can now reach across an entire facility, integrating power, building, asset and maintenance systems. As a people (and I talk to the innovative Kenyan millennials) we can and should learn how have IoT-enabled devices throughout our facility’s infrastructure……this is highly valuable in achieving our ultimate goal of having efficient ways of managing our energy usage in years ahead.

We have seen the speed of technology adoption accelerate across multiple industries. Between 2007 and 2017, the world’s largest companies have shifted. The future of design and collaboration is also changing. Jump ahead 20 years to see how virtual, crowd-sourced design may reshape the electrical distribution industry. I have embarked on taking a new course that involves BIM processes to learn new ways of doing electrical designs in a more efficient and manageable way……..I urge any upcoming Kenyan electrical and design engineer to spare a plate for BIM (not Babes In Matatus) but Building Information and Modeling processes. This is the new way!


Happy holidays to all as we march forward to a new year of embracing SDG7.


Today, we live in a dynamic and turbulent global community. The term “smart” has been used widely, for example, smartphones, smart cars, smart homes, smart infrastructure, smart cities, smart countries, and the like. The term “smart” (at least according to me) represents the concept of hope and aspiration that depends on a person’s perspective. The smart state depends on the given condition, environment, culture, and the person’sWhatsApp Image 2018-10-30 at 12.44.46 value system. Nevertheless, the general concept of a smart future for our mother country should mean a living environment which is much better than the current state of affairs. The smart future should be where innovation would help develop intelligent solutions to complex problems to secure a humane environment. In such a smart future, Kenyans can more freely pursue opportunities to learn and grow, be engaged in good relationships, be happy with the community and work place, and also have a comfortable and healthy life style with adequate financial resources. Creating such a smart future requires much more than just smart gadgets, advanced technologies, convergence strategies, and government support. It requires a fabric of soft innovations that can nurture an aspirational future such as social justice, rule of law, transparency, accountability, cohesive collective wisdom of people, and shared visions and goals. The efforts to create a smart future require innovative ideas to leverage ubiquitous digital connectivity, smart sensors, artificial intelligence, Internet of Things (IoT), access to all human knowledge, and entrepreneurship to capture opportunities for the best quality of life.


Requirements of a smart future

While a smart future is the aspirational target of most individuals, organizations, governments, and even countries, it simply does not just appear as wished. There are many requirements to pursue and realize a smart future. I personally propose the following seven essentials (not that am a guru in smart entrepreneurship or evangelism).


Smart people – In the dynamic global environment, with rapidly advancing technologies and knowledge, a smart future required well educated and trained.


Smart leadership – Today’s effective leaders are not just tough decision makers, charismatic personalities, and good communicators. They must be capable of co-creating shared vision and goals with others for collective wisdom and discipline.


Smart governments – In the digital age, governments are not the institutions that govern and control citizens. Citizens are intelligent with all sorts of information through advanced ICTs. Smart governments must facilitate citizen participation in co-creating a safe country with accountability, transparency, rule of law, and social justice that are universally applied. The key for sustainable economic growth and political stability is the disciplined government which is trusted and connected.



Smart infrastructure – A smart future requires efficient systems of citizen safety and privacy, public transport management, electric grid, clean water, environment monitoring, waste management, security of ICT and the like.


Smart industries – In the digital age, smart industries must be proactive about digital transformation to provide customers with customers with goods and services that they want or will need.


Smart healthcare and education systems – The two areas that will likely see the most drastic changes in the future will be healthcare and education.


Smart homes and autos –In the digital age, with the support of smart people, leadership, governments, and infrastructure, homes should be equipped with advanced ICT, closed-circuit TV (CCTV), sensors, smart security systems, self-learning systems, and the like. Already Google, Apple, and Tesla are working on smart self-driving cars. These innovations will greatly change the quality of life in a smart future

For our country to survive and prosper, innovation is imperative. However, innovation is no longer just for creating value to benefit individuals, organizations, or societies. The ultimate purpose of innovation should be much more far reaching. Thus, innovation must search for intelligent solutions to tackle major social ills, seek more proactive approaches to predict the uncertain future, and pursue strategies to remove barriers to the smart future.


Our Kenyan energy requirements are continuously increasing. Conventional methods of producing more energy to meet this growth pose a great threat to the environment. Carbon emissions and other bi-products of energy production and distribution processes have dire consequences. Efficient use of energy is one of the main tools to restrain WhatsApp Image 2018-09-28 at 10.03.30energy consumption growth without compromising on Kenyan’s big 4 agenda. Improving energy efficiency requires understanding of the usage patterns and practices by our very own KPLC; the firm we have trusted to maintain and manage our power lines. I stand corrected but I strongly believe smart energy grids, pervasive computing, and communication technologies will enable the stakeholders in our energy industry to collect large amounts of useful and highly granular energy usage data. This data which will be generated in large volumes and in a variety of different formats will depend on its purpose and systems used to collect it(so far there is improvement shown by KPLC engineering team after acquisition of an oracle M8 super cluster). The volume and diversity of data will also increase with time. All these data characteristics refer to the application of Big Data(a new field am passionate about and always eager to delve deeper into understand more).

My main plea is to the ministry of energy, relevant power/energy stakeholders and NGOs to focus on harnessing the power of Big Data tools and techniques such as MapReduce and Apache Hadoop ecosystem tools to collect process and analyze energy data and generate insights that can be used to improve our country’s energy efficiency. Furthermore, they should includes studying energy efficiency to formulate the use cases, study Big Data technologies (Strathmore university in partnership with IBM is currently offering such a course) to present a conceptual model for an end-to-end Big Data analytics platform, implementation of a part of the conceptual model with the capacity to handle energy efficiency use cases and performing data analysis to generate useful insights.

For the folks at KPLC handling the awesome M8, your analysis should be performed on two data sets. The first data set should contained hourly consumption of electricity consumed by a set of different buildings. The data will be analyzed to discover the seasonal and daily usage trends. The analysis should also include the classification of buildings on the basis of energy efficiency while observing the seasonal impacts on this classification. We can start off with Nairobi as a test trial and gradually establish foot prints to other cities and towns across the country. The analysis should be used to build a model for segregating the energy inefficient buildings from energy efficient buildings. The second data set should contain device level electricity consumption of various home appliances used in an apartment-I know this is a long shot for most Kenyans will not be able to afford such smart intelligent devices but we can come up with a pay-off program to enable smart meters be easily accessible . This data will or should be used to evaluate different prediction models to forecast future consumption on the basis of previous usage. The main purpose of this small write-up is to challenge our ministry, energy key players and young Kenyan engineers to provide the basis for enabling data driven decision making in organizations(both public and private) working to improve energy efficiency.

Just as Wangari Mathai made us proud by championing for the conservation of our environment, I firmly and positively believe we can still do the very same of sustaining SDG 7 and make her dream carry on to the next generation.


Urbanization is a powerful driver of economic development and social mobility. It is also
catalyst for technological progress, as we see in cities globally. Kenya is no exception. We
are already home to the world’s fastest-growing cities. It is estimated that half of Africans will be living in cities by 2030. This irreversible trend is fundamWhatsApp Image 2018-09-12 at 09.05.54entally positive for our continent’s prosperity.
But as young promising innovative Kenyan millennials,we all have to think ahead;with or without the big 4 agenda. It is up to us to plan adequately for urban expansion by anticipating the higher standard of public services, housing, livability, and economic opportunity that our grand sons and daughters expect and deserve.Lets use our institutions,societies,groups and regulated bodies to provide every young aspiring Kenyan with an overview of what they have prepared for us as a nation,the challenges they foresee and the road map they would otherwise opt for if such an initiative was to kick off earlier than expected(STEM is catching up so fast in this 4.0 gen).
My key message to our government,NGOs,private sectors and any other key players(both local and international) is to integrate available technology at every level of urban management(A case study being what IBM is currently involved in to improve Nairobi city-Information dashboards powered by real-time sensors and data analytics can help to deliver better services at lower cost). But technology is not a panacea, and it does not run on auto-pilot.To get the cities we want, i humbly urge the government and all other stakeholder interested in improving the blueprint of Kenya as a smart country to always keep the young millennials at the center of its efforts.Technology alone cannot do that for us.
However,the ‘smart cities’ framework should powerfully focuses our attention on the factors that make a city conducive to growth, health, and sustainability. It should also
offers a platform to bring all stakeholders together to find the best solutions. Crucially, these technologies also provide new ways to track progress toward the goals we set(again,big 4 or otherwise), and for us as a younger vibrant generation to contribute actively to the process along the way.
Transforming Kenyan cities will transform Africa as a whole with time……i firmly believe so. We have the means and the knowledge to do things differently and better — in a word, smartly.
Let’s come together to make it happen………summoning all Kenyan engineers to be at the fore front of this noble nifty call.
Authored & Compiled by: Samwel Kariuki
12th Sept 2018

The noise about the next big thing can make it difficult to identify which technologies truly matter. I will attempt to sort through the many claims to identify the technologies that have the greatest potential to drive substantial economic impact a01e92d4c5acb2beabab043bffd1baf4f7d913bb0cend disruption before or by 2030(our country’s vision set plan). Important technologies can come in any field or emerge from any scientific discipline, but they share four characteristics: high rate of technology change, broad potential scope of impact, large economic value that could be affected, and substantial potential for disruptive economic impact.

Many technologies have the potential to meet these criteria eventually, but our leaders(CS Mr.Mucheru of ICT) needs to focus on technologies with potential impact that is near enough at hand to be meaningfully anticipated and prepared for. I already love the whitebox launch  initiative by his ministry and hope to see such moves in several other ministries and NGOs as well.Therefore, as a country,we need to focus on technologies that we believe will have significant potential to drive economic impact and disruption by 2030.

What Safaricom,Liquid telecoms,Airtel and Telkom have done in enhancing mobile Internet, for example, has affected more than 20 million Kenyans going about their lives, giving them tools to become potential innovators or entrepreneurs— making the mobile Internet one our most impactful technologies. I personally an a beneficiary of their noble initiative to nature and grow talent within STEM.My focus for now is profoundly learn the Internet of Things technology which will connect and embed intelligence in billions of objects and devices all around the world not Kenya alone, affecting the health, safety, and productivity of billions of people.I want to be part of the few folks who will go down the history books of STEM in Africa that shaped the path of the four disciplines and made life of the coming generation better from our engineered solutions.

Here is what I sorted out as the buzz in-things for Tech evangelist, engineering gurus and STEM lovers which will definitely shape our country in the next few years and propel the big 4 agenda to realization.

  1. Mobile Internet Increasingly inexpensive and capable mobile computing devices and Internet connectivity
  2. Automation of knowledge work intelligent software systems that can perform knowledge work tasks involving unstructured commands and subtle judgments
  3. The Internet of Things Networks of low-cost sensors and actuators for data collection, monitoring, decision making, and process optimization
  4. Cloud technology Use of computer hardware and software resources delivered over a network or the Internet, often as a service
  5. Advanced robotics increasingly capable robots with enhanced senses, dexterity, and intelligence used to automate tasks or augment humans
  6. Autonomous and near-autonomous vehicles Vehicles that can navigate and operate with reduced or no human intervention
  7. Next-generation genomics Fast, low-cost gene sequencing, advanced big data analytics, and synthetic biology (“writing” DNA)
  8. Energy storage Devices or systems that store energy for later use, including batteries

9.3D printing Additive manufacturing techniques to create objects by printing layers  of material based on digital models

  1. Advanced materials Materials designed to have superior characteristics (e.g., strength, weight, conductivity) or functionality
  2. Advanced oil and gas exploration and recovery Exploration and recovery techniques that make extraction of unconventional oil and gas economical
  3. Renewable energy Generation of electricity from renewable sources with reduced harmful climate impact

The technologies on my list have great potential to improve the lives of billions of people, starting with our 45 million plus population. Cloud computing and the mobile Internet, for example, could raise productivity and quality in education, health care, and public services. At the same time, some of these technologies could bring unwanted side effects. The benefits of the mobile Internet and cloud computing are accompanied by rising risks of security and privacy breaches. Our 12th parliament ought to sit more frequently and speed up the data protection bill, the computer misuse and cybercrime bill and improve our information and communication act. Objects and machines under the control of computers across the Web (the Internet of Things) can also be hacked, exposingfactories, refineries, supply chains, power plants, and transportation networks to new risks


In considering the disruptive potential of these technologies, I foresee that each could drive profound changes across many dimensions—in the lives of Kenyan citizens, in business, and across the global economy. As noted from key speeches from our president Mr.Kenyatta and his deputy Mr.Ruto, the future seems bright for entrepreneurs and innovators. 3D printing, the mobile Internet, cloud technology, and even next-generation genomics could provide the opportunities and the tools to allow small enterprises to compete on a meaningful scale and advance into new markets rapidly.Almost every technology on my list could change the game for businesses, creating entirely new products and services, as well as shifting pools of value between producers or from producers to consumers. Some, like automation of knowledge work and the mobile Internet, could also change how companies and other organizations structure themselves, bringing new meaning to the anytime/ anywhere work style. With automation of knowledge work tasks, organizations that can augment the powers of skilled workers stand to do well.


As these disruptive technologies continue to evolve and play out, it will be up to business leaders, entrepreneurs, policy makers, and citizens to maximize their opportunities while dealing with the challenges.Lets make our mother country great and change the face of Africa!


Compiled and authored by : Samwel Kariuki

9th August 2018.

While still understanding the changing needs of the market over the years, I feel there is evidence around the globe that providers of energy management produc


ts and services have started taking stock of their offerings in order to include additional reporting and analytical features. Clearly, the aim is to help businesses(most if not all) achieve a wider objective. In fact, some companies like Safaricom but here in our own country have for example seriously started considering an extension of their current capabilities; While that may be one way of effecting better energy management, some providers(mostly international) are heading down the path of integrating their product lines to offer a single solution. A case in point is IBM, which is trying to address the issues raised in a forum, Green Sigma™ Coalition, formed by like-minded companies. This forum aims to help organizations become more efficient and sustainable.

IBM seeks to create intelligent systems that optimize resources, including smart grids, water and traffic, not only at the macro level but to also provide time-relevant data to gain insights and inform forward-looking decisions.


Such new capabilities can reduce the dependency of businesses on external agencies/consultants. Taking such approaches can enable companies to automate, monitor and control the two-way flow of energy from power plant to plug, create transportation systems that optimize traffic flow and decrease CO2 emissions, provide advanced portfolio/task management capabilities, use predictive analytics for better management of resources and suggest corrective action.

Kenyan manufacturers stand to benefit greatly from technologies that various energy-management service providers are implementing to deliver an automated platform (with intelligent alerts and modeling tools) for data collection,

consolidation and analysis. With some of these new methods, the energy management market in our country will advance to provide intelligent analysis once energy usage data is seamlessly integrated with other systems across work streams, such as supply chains, plant controls, financial reporting systems, material planning and product design, waste management, facility management and smart grid/meters. The best way to achieve such advancement in the industry is perhaps consolidation through acquisitions of niche energy management consulting companies by large ERP or IT product companies. Small players offering niche services will eventually realize that the only way to avoid becoming obsolete with the change in paradigm is to be acquired by larger companies since most businesses seek enterprise-wide solutions with a broader set of capabilities than mere energy monitoring. This will help unlock a new environment for energy management that will empower businesses to leverage sustainability investment opportunities within their value chain. They will be able to develop custom dashboards and reports and share relevant metrics with their customers, regulatory authorities and investors — leading to greater accountability. As an outcome, businesses will not only be able to lower costs and increase efficiency, but they will cap wastage and pollution, leaving a cleaner environment and more abundant resources to future generations.


Compiled by: Samwel Kariuki


The Internet of Energy (IoE) can be broadly defined as the upgrading and automating of electricity infrastructures, making energy production more clean and efficient, and putting more power in the hands of the consumer.WhatsApp Image 2018-05-31 at 15.45.30 (1)

My blog today will discusses how to apply ML analytics in the utilities industry to create the IoE.I personally choose to see IoE as one system where data in Kenya will be shared and analyzed, producing targeted, efficient results to utilities and consumers across our country.

The first major utility sector is Generation, which relies heavily on the work of turbines. Turbines, whether they be fueled by natural gas,steam, nuclear, or coal, are massive engineering marvels from a mechanical standpoint. There are thousands of moving parts with extreme tolerances, and minute disturbances in the system can lead to major problems, causing downtime, loss of power, safety concerns, and more.

In our country, many grids are plagued with unreliable service. This is primarily because of aging equipment; poor maintenance; and in many cases, the struggle to upgrade power systems to keep up with very high annual demand growth rates. Investment in IoT for both existing and new equipment has the potential to significantly reduce unscheduled downtime by identifying problems before they occur, thereby improving reliability and reducing costs. Other applications of IoT are optimal use of generation assets to increase the efficiency of production. In conventional power plants, IoT would be used to tune the operation of a power plant in real time and to balance production with life cycle cost of maintenance and life of equipment. As an example, GE is about to launch a digital power plant systems for coal plant in Lamu. GE claims its digital technologies when applied to new coal and gas fired power plants will increase fuel efficiency by 3%, power output by 2%, and reduce unplanned downtime by 5%, operation and maintenance costs by 25%, and fuel consumption during starts by 20%.6 In Kenya, these strategies may be used to reduce cost of electricity production and emissions. Another good example of IoT use for optimization of operations is in the wind power industry where (i) wake losses are reduced in a wind farm by adjusting pitch and yaw angles of individual turbines, (ii) turbines production is increased above rated value in a controlled manner as long as the stress and fatigue loading are within acceptable limit, and (iii) settings of individual turbines are optimized to local conditions to increase output. GE claims a 5% to 10% increase in annual energy production with these strategies.7 A futuristic application of IoT is a holistic optimization of the entire power network with the goal of decentralization and defossilization of the power sector. IoT has the potential to achieve such a transformation in which (i) renewable energy is generated close to load centers; (ii) energy storage devices are used to store excess energy and deliver energy during periods of high demand; (iii) demand response is used to balance supply and demand; (iv) flexible centralized fossil fuel-based power plants plan production based on real-time predictions of variable renewable generators; and (v) dispatch logic, and controllers are used to manage the flow of power. Several of these transformations are being tested in a number of pilots in our beloved country with the goal of achieving close to 100% renewable energy in the power sector and IoT will be a key enabler.


Happy Madaraka holidays!


Complied by: Samwel Kariuki

I think the main challenge while developing the framework to determine the impact of IoT projects on the SDGs in our country is finding ways to compare projects on a “like-for-like” basis. This is difficult to achieve given that projects vary in purpose, geography, size, focus area, etc.


Just the other day i was leaving upperhill for town and along uhuru park i took a sit on one of the benches and started to ponder how is it that we have brilliant sharp folks around with hubs all over yet we haven;t yet implemented even one solution via IoT to assist our fellow Kenyans.

City Digital in Chicago for example has developed a Smart Green Infrastructure Monitoring project which helps reduce urban flooding and prevents property damage, using better informed capital planning for infrastructure investments. Isn’t this what we need for our country right now to save our brothers and sisters in flooding areas???

I wont write more today for i feel for the less fortunate  who cant work out their maths via tech and use it to improve their lifestyle and lively-hood…….but i will play my part now that CAK has done something in line with ICT developments touching on the newest disruptive technologies being implemented around other countries.

My fellow millennial,lets put our energies together and improve our country plus continent via IoT and all other forms of disruptive techs………at least for mankind if not for nature or both.


Complied by: Samwel Kariuki

Early this year there was a symposium titled “AI/IoT-realized Super Smart Society and Energy Network” and was sponsored by the International Research Center of Advanced Energy Systems for Sustainability (AES Center), Institute of Innovative Research, Tokyo Institute of Technology, the symposium dealt with how artificial intelligence, the Internet of Things and other advanced information technologies would transform society and the energy world and what business chances and challenges would emerge, as indicated by the title.image
The symposium consisted of three parts – Part 1 “National Strategy and Outlook on Super
Smart Society,” Part 2 “Super Smart Society and Energy Technologies Seen from Academia,” and Part 3 “Panel Discussion – Social Implementation Led by the Private Sector.”
What is the “super smart society?” This is an interesting question. In Part 1, it was argued that human society historically transitioned from a hunter society to a farmer society, an industrial society and an information society, or from Society 1.0 to Societies 2.0, 3.0 and 4.0, before a new economic society comes as Society 5.0 or super smart society. The new society was explained as a society in which AI, big data, IoT and other advanced technologies would be fully used to achieve both economic development and the resolution of social challenges facing the world. The super smart society was also described as a society in which AI, big data and dramatically advanced information technologies (electronics, communications and data processing) would be fully used to
integrate cyberspace with physical space to produce new values.
An important challenge in energy and environment areas in our country and the whole Continent at large would be to build a low-carbon society and very efficient energy supply systems using renewable energy, storage batteries, hydrogen,advanced next-generation vehicles, distributed energy systems, demand response systems, virtual power plants and other technologies. AI, big data, IoT and other advanced technologies would be fully used to digitize and expand the energy world in the new economic society. As a matter of course, the super smart society and energy’s expected roles in such a society represent long-term strategic challenges, with any specific path to such society remaining uncertain(we have a tendency of assuming things until they turn out to be a necessity in our day to day lives). There may be numerous problems to be resolved for realizing the new society.
Nevertheless, initiatives to overview social transition and transformation from a broader perspective and depict and pursue the future society we should build are very significant and valuable. We will have to closely watch future initiatives to realize the super smart society and energy’s roles in such society. Based on matters of interest to me and my expertise, I strongly believe the Kenyan super smart society would be digitized and electrified, energy security (particularly, power supply security) would be the key to realizing and managing most of the activities. I have noted three points on new risks that we as Kenyan engineers would have to consider in regard to energy and power supply security while digitization and electrification would make irreversible progress.
The first point is the impact that the substantial expansion of renewable energy including intermittent solar photovoltaics and wind power generation would exert on power supply systems.
Storage batteries, grid enhancement measures, auxiliary fossil power generation and other measures are required to cover the intermittency of solar PV and wind power generation. This means additional costs. While solar PV and wind power generation costs are remarkably declining, the additional costs are required for integrating such intermittent renewable energy into power supply systems and may not necessarily be negligible. As intermittent power sources’ share of the power mix expands further, the costs for integrating these sources into power supply systems will grow. Power supply security and the integration costs could be challenges.
The second point is related to cybersecurity since am a member of KCSFA (kenya Cyber Security and Forensic Association) and i follow closely our own internal debates and discussions. As social and economic systems grow more dependent on stable power supply due to further digitization and electrification, they are likely to become more vulnerable to cyber attacks. As cybersecurity problems are growing more complex in our country, diverse and serious, cybersecurity measures must be updated in response to the fast-changing situation. So far, cyber problems have not become as serious as the oil crises that globally shook energy and power supply. As stable power supply becomes the most important challenge in the digitized society, however, we should recognize
cybersecurity problems as a major potential risk. The third point is a stable power supply problem related to investment in deregulated markets.In Kenya, power and gas system reform will need to be implemented to deregulate markets more and more
through the beginning of the 2020s(Lets stop thinking only politics in 2022). In globally known cases, there are many cases where investment costs in power sources has failed to be recovered in deregulated power markets, leading to the so-called “missing money problem”. The classic “missing money problem” has transitioned to a more complex problem as wholesale power market prices have declined due to the large scale inflow of renewable energy power generation promoted by policy support and cost reduction. In response, the introduction of the capacity mechanism is being considered or implemented. In the digitized and electrified society, how to secure investment and stable power supply in liberalized markets with renewable energy expansion trends may be a key challenge.
While great expectations are placed on the realization of the super smart society, or Society 5.0(as i would love to call it),there are many challenges to tackle in the energy world in our continent. In the new economic society in which advanced technologies are fully used, energy is likely to take an even more important position instead of staying at its present level of importance. Energy security will thus remain an old and new issue.
                                                                            Complied and written by : Samwel Kariuki

Innovations in science and technology have allowed our Kenyan telecommunications industry to expand services, reduce prices, and grow to meet the ever increasing demands from other sectors—sectors that increasingly rely on telecommunicatio


ns to help them work efficiently while reducing their energy consumption. The current worldwide focus to reduce energy consumption and ecological impacts is adding another dimension to the business cases for new network technology, implementation of energy-saving systems, and installation of green alternative power solutions. All these requires a plan based on network architectures, service offerings, customer base, and geographic location. This is a challenging, multi-dimensional planning process that I personally am very eager to take up as an engineer and give solutions to help my fellow Kenyans and the entire country at large. Planning an efficient, eco-sustainable telecommunication


s network while meeting corporate financial and business goals is a challenging problem. While networks are naturally evolving more so in east Africa to become more efficient, this am afraid will take years to occur(note as a country, we have made bigger stride


s on the evolution of our networks as per CAK 2017 report). With the current high energy costs and government and consumer interest in greener technology, proactively reducing energy consumption and adding alternative, eco-friendly power sources often result in a better business plan, both short term and long term. Deciding on specific energy reduction initiatives and determining the viability of alternative power options that meet network operator business goals require a complex, multidimensional analysis that I should clearly state forthright that Safaricom PLC has already identified these fields and has started off tapping into giving solutions aligned together with the Paris agreement as well as the 2015 SDGs.



My personal goal: I want and will come up with a solution(s) to help Kenyan network operators’ work through the maze of conflicting requirements and options to identify eco-friendly solutions that meet the financial and business goals while reducing the ecological impacts.


Written and complied by: Samwel Kariuki